There is a relatively high number of disabled persons in Thailand and their exclusion from normal daily life/employment led Ministry of Labour to establish the Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons Act (1991). This act actively supported the disabled by imposing duties on employers in relation to the employment practices and is still in force until this day. Updated versions of the original act were introduced in 2007 and 2010.
Duties of Employers concerned disabled perons
According to the latest act, both public and private organisations with more than 100 employees are mandated to hire persons with disabilities in the ratio of one disabled person to every one hundred regular employees (1:100).
Employers and business owners complying with their duties are entitled to tax relief as prescribed by law. In special cases, where the organisation’s workforce consists of 60% or more disabled employees (employed for more than six months in the fiscal year), a total tax exemption can be claimed.
However, if the qualified organisations do not meet the government regulations, they are required to contribute to the State Fund for Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons Fund on an annual basis. The contribution amounts to the minimum wage a disabled worker would have been paid. Any delays in payment will result in imposing an interest rate of 7.5% per year (calculated from the amount that was not remitted to the Fund).
Types of disability
The disabilities include but are not limited to:
- The visual impairment
- Hearing or interpretational disability
- The physical disability
- Mental or behavioral disabilities
- The intellectually disabled
- Learning disabilities